(908132) Vintage Miniature Painted Portrait On Ivory of Mss Rosamond Croker after Sir Thomas Lawrence
This is a beautiful antique miniature oil painting framed in ivory. On the back is the name Miss Croker (Lawrence) written in what seems to be pencil.The painting is in perfect condition, and is also framed in flowered bronze.
The painting is a miniature copy of The Portrait of Miss Rosamund Croker, which was originally painted by Sir Thomas Lawrence in 1827. She was 17 when the portrait was painted, and was considered a great beauty. She lived to the age of 96, quite a feat then (1810-1906).
The measurements are approximately 4.75" x 4.25".
She was a daughter of William Pennell, British Consul-General in Brazil, but was adopted by the politician and man of letters John Wilson Croker (1750-1857), and took his surname. At the time when this portrait was painted she was only 17. Evidently intelligent and well-educated, she worked for Croker as a secretary, and later married Sir George Barrow, a distinguished civil servant who worked at the Colonial Office. This is a detail showing the masterly portrayal of the expression on her face; she evidently made quite an impression on the painter, and this surely one of his most memorable portraits.
Sir Thomas Lawrence (13 April 1769 – 7 January 1830) was a leading English portrait painter and the fourth president of the Royal Academy.
Lawrence was a child prodigy. He was born in Bristol and began drawing in Devizes, where his father was an innkeeper at the Bear Hotel in the Market Square. At the age of ten, having moved to Bath, he was supporting his family with his pastel portraits. At eighteen he went to London and soon established his reputation as a portrait painter in oils, receiving his first royal commission, a portrait of Queen Charlotte, in 1790. He stayed at the top of his profession until his death, aged 60, in 1830.
Self-taught, he was a brilliant draughtsman and known for his gift of capturing a likeness, as well as his virtuoso handling of paint. He became an associate of the Royal Academy in 1791, a full member in 1794, and president in 1820. In 1810 he acquired the generous patronage of the Prince Regent, was sent abroad to paint portraits of allied leaders for the Waterloo chamber at Windsor Castle, and is particularly remembered as the Romantic portraitist of the Regency. Lawrence's love affairs were not happy (his tortuous relationships with Sally and Maria Siddons became the subject of several books) and, in spite of his success, he spent most of life deep in debt. He never married. At his death, Lawrence was the most fashionable portrait painter in Europe. His reputation waned during Victorian times, but has since been partially restored.
Portrait miniatures began to flourish in 16th century Europe and the art was practiced during the 17th century and 18th century. They were especially valuable in introducing people to each other over distances; a nobleman proposing the marriage of his daughter might send a courier with her portrait to visit potential suitors. Soldiers and sailors might carry miniatures of their loved ones while traveling, or a wife might keep one of her husband while he was away.
The first miniaturists used watercolour to paint on stretched vellum. During the second half of the 17th century, vitreous enamel painted on copper became increasingly popular. In the 18th century, miniatures were painted with watercolour on ivory. As small in size as 40 mm Ã— 30 mm, portrait miniatures were often used as personal mementos or as jewellry or snuff box covers.
From the mid-19th century, the development of daguerreotypes and photography contributed to the decline in popularity of the miniatures.
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