(319380) Antique c. 1820-1840 Signed Miniature French Protrait w Ivory Frame

    1,200.97 1,200.97 1200.97 USD


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    This is a beautiful antique miniature oil painting framed in a piano key style ivory frame. Signed "Renner", It features a French Nobleman wearing a sash with Adornments including the Star Order of The Holy Spirit. The painting is in near perfect condition.

    The Order of the Holy Spirit (French: Ordre du Saint-Esprit; sometimes translated into English as the Order of the Holy Ghost),is a French order of chivalry founded by Henry III of France in 1578.

    The symbol of the order is known as the Cross of the Holy Spirit (this is a Maltese Cross). At the periphery, the eight points of the cross are rounded, and between each pair of arms there is a fleur-de-lis. Imposed on the centre of the cross is a dove. The eight rounded corners represent the Beatitudes, the four fleur-de-lis represent the Gospels, the twelve petals represent the Apostles, and the dove signifies the Holy Spirit. The Cross of the Holy Spirit was worn hung from a blue riband ("Le cordon bleu")

    This Gentleman is most likely a descendant of one of the Knights of the Holy Order.

    Portrait miniatures began to flourish in 16th century Europe and the art was practiced during the 17th century and 18th century. They were especially valuable in introducing people to each other over distances; a nobleman proposing the marriage of his daughter might send a courier with her portrait to visit potential suitors. Soldiers and sailors might carry miniatures of their loved ones while traveling, or a wife might keep one of her husband while he was away.

    The first miniaturists used watercolour to paint on stretched vellum. During the second half of the 17th century, vitreous enamel painted on copper became increasingly popular. In the 18th century, miniatures were painted with watercolour on ivory. As small in size as 40 mm × 30 mm, portrait miniatures were often used as personal mementos or as jewellry or snuff box covers.

    From the mid-19th century, the development of daguerreotypes and photography contributed to the decline in popularity of the miniatures.

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